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 Filed as : Viticulture

Can You Define Terroir in Just a Sentence?

Mar 12, 2013
Can You Define Terroir in Just a Sentence?
Ten wine experts from all over the world distill the essence of terroir in just a sentence

bugundy_yonnechablisIt’s hard to talk about wine these days without someone mentioning the word terroir. This French term does not have a simple definition, but refers to the impact that all the natural surroundings of a vineyard have on the wine that ends up in the bottle. Climate, slope, and soil all factor into giving wine a sense of place or terroir. Many winemakers strive to preserve the distinct terroir that contributes to their wines by taking a hands-off approach to preserve what the land gives them.

We challenged ten wine professionals--from writers to sommeliers to winemakers--to come up with a compact and concise definition of terroir. Here’s what they had to say:

“One can recognize terroir in the way one recognizes a person: is it their face, their voice, their way of speaking, their way of thinking, the way they smell?” --Christopher Howell, General Manager and Winemaker, Cain Vineyard and Winery, Napa, California

"Untranslatable French term that determinates a complexity of elements (geology, climate, topography and soil) that, under human being work, create adapted plants allowing to produce unique fermented food and drink products.” --Stefano Inama, Owner and Winemaker at Azienda Agricola Inama.

"Terroir is the idea of a holistic place and its translation into the medium of wine." --James Tidwell, Master Sommelier and Beverage Manager, Four Seasons Resort and Club, Dallas, TX.

“In Santorini, 400 year old non-grafted rootstock in volcanic soil provides the true definition of minerality in a wine!” --Dr. Yiannis Paraskevopoulos, Co-owner and Chief Oenologist at Gaia Wines, Santorini, Greece

“Dirt counts when it has the capacity to push through winemaking and varietal correctness in a manner that proves interesting to the hairless ape.” --Todd Hamina, Winemaker at Biggio Hamina Cellars, McMinnville, Oregon.

“Terroir is a cause and effect relationship between soil components and wine flavors for which no other explanation seems possible.” --Terry Theise, Wine Importer

“#Terroir is a meme.” --Katherine Cole, Author of Voodoo Vintners

"The combination of factors and influences pertaining to geography and climate that contribute to the uniqueness of profile of wine from any given location" --Marc Kent, Winemaker at Boekenhoutskloof, South Africa

“Terroir is the highlighting of components of a non-replicable place and how they belie a winemaker’s capacity to manipulate a wine from harvest to bottle.” --Ross Andrew Mickel, Winemaker at Ross Andrew Winery, Medina, Washington State.

And, finally, a haiku:

"That which makes a place
unique, that produces wines

--Christopher Watkins Manager of Retail Sales and Hospitality and Author and Host of 4488: A Ridge Blog at Ridge Vineyards

How do you understand the concept of terroir in wine? Share with us below. (Feel free to use more than one sentence.)


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Mar 13, 2013
(Terroir), is that place where the territory in relation to the microclimate of the area, gives to the grapes individual characteristics.

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Mar 12, 2013
Nature vs. nurture: Terroir is the nurture part.

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Mar 12, 2013
TERROIR is the precious land from which great wines are born. Trisha K

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Mar 12, 2013
this very god wine like

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Where is the oldest winery in the US?