Nebbiolo takes its name from the fog, or nebbia, that settles in the hills and valleys of Piedmont, Italy. This is Nebbiolo’s heartland, where it is celebrated and prized above all other varieties. The best Nebbiolo wines come from Barolo and Barbaresco. These wines burst with earthy, complex flavors, but are so big and ferociously tannic that they require years of bottle aging before they’re even approachable.
Nebbiolo requires an especially long autumn to fully ripen, and hasn’t had much success outside Piedmont. The grapes provide high levels of tannin, acid, and extract. Their thick skins are highly resistant to diseases.