The vinification of sparkling wines in Champagne is strictly controlled and specific techniques must be used. Those wines labeled as méthode champenoise, méthode traditionelle, or traditional method are made in the Champagne tradition. Sparkling wine is made virtually everywhere wine is made, and can be done in several ways including the traditional method, transfer method, and the Charmat, or tank method.
In all three methods of making wine sparkle, one must start with a still wine or wines. These wines can come from different vintages and be bottled as a non-vintage wine. In Champagne, as well as many other areas that strive to make the same style of wine, the base wines consist of any combination of